Naphtha is a term used to describe a range of volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbons that are produced during the fractional distillation of crude oil. It is typically composed of hydrocarbons with carbon numbers between 5 and 12, with a boiling point range of 30-200°C. The exact composition of naphtha can vary depending on the source of the crude oil and the refining process used.
Naphtha is a versatile petroleum product that has many industrial applications. It is commonly used as a feedstock for the production of various chemicals, including plastics, solvents, and synthetic fibers. It is also used as a fuel for certain types of engines, such as gasoline engines and gas turbines.
In the petrochemical industry, naphtha is an important feedstock for the production of a wide range of chemicals, including ethylene, propylene, and benzene. These chemicals are used in the manufacture of various products, including plastics, synthetic rubber, and resins.