Isopropyl alcohol, also known as IPA or 2-propanol, is a colorless, flammable liquid with a strong odor. It is one of the most commonly used solvents in the world and is widely used in various industries, including pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and electronics. IPA is produced through the direct hydration of propene or through the hydrogenation of acetone. It is a versatile solvent that can dissolve a wide range of substances, including oils, resins, and waxes. IPA is commonly used as a cleaning agent in the electronics industry due to its ability to evaporate quickly and leave no residue. In the pharmaceutical industry, IPA is used as a disinfectant and antiseptic, as well as a solvent for various types of drugs. It is also used as a solvent in the production of cosmetics and personal care products, including perfumes, lotions, and hair sprays. In addition to its use as a solvent, IPA is also used as a fuel additive, a denaturant for ethanol, and as a starting material for the production of various chemicals, including acetone and isopropyl acetate.